Castle Rushen

Timeline: 1500 AD - Date

Over the last 600 years the Isle of Man has undergone extreme change, and seen some difficult times.

1504   Title King of Man waived for Lord of Mann
1511- 1515   Manorial Roll compiled
1540   Rushen Abbey and the Nunnery officially dissolved by Edward Stanley
1577   Bishop paid homage to 4th Earl for his Barony, at Tynwald
1583   Tynwald legislation on salmon and trout fishing. Deemsters and Keys declared law on treasure trove
1594   Queen Elizabeth I took control of Mann pending settlement of a disputed succession
1608   William Christian (Illiam Dhone) born
1610   Prayer Book printed in Manx by Bishop Phillips
1612   Stanley rule resumed by William I, fith Earl, and Countess Elizabeth
1627   James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, becomes Lord of Mann
1628   Horse races on Langness - transferred to Epsom as The Derby in 1780
1645   Buidling starts on Derby Fort
1648   Stevenson family of Balladoole gave up the Calf to the Lord of Mann
1651   7th Earl with Manx force in Royalist defeat at the Battles of Wigan and Worcester. Capture and execution of the Earl at Bolton
1651   Rebellion in Mann, led by William Christian (Illiam Dhone). Island was taken over for the Commonwealth
1656   William Christian (Illiam Dhone) becomes Governor of the Isle of Man
1660   Restoration of Derby rule
1663   William Christian (Illiam Dhone) Executed
1666   The Moddey Dhoo appears at Peel Castle
1668   Manx copper coins minted by John Murray of Ronaldsway
1672   Compulsory elementary education introduced by Charles, 8th Earl of Derby
1698-1775   Episcopate of Bishop Wilson
1704   1704 Act of Settlement confirmed customary land tenancy
1709   Derby coinage introduced, bearing family crest of eagle and child
1760   Two wooden pillars erected in memory of a victory over the French Admiral Thurot, off the coast of Ballaugh
1764   Smallpox epidemic
1765   U.K. Act of Revestment and Mischief Act passed for suppression of running trade. Financial control of the Island was vested in the British Crown
1770   First Tynwald after Revestment
1772-73   Epidemic of Smallpox
1773   Discovery of the Calf of Man Crucifixion Stone by John Quayle
1775   Publication of the Manx Bible, edited by Philip Moore
1777   John Wesley visited Mann
1780   Epidemic of Smallpox
1780   Publication of Dr. John Kelly's Manx Grammar
1788   Dennison's Theatre opened in Fort Street, Douglas
1789   Mutiny on The Bounty
1792   Establishment of the 1st Manx newspaper, the Manks Mercury and Briscoe's Advertiser
1792   Thomas Stowell published l'he Statutes and Ordinances of the isle of Man
1799   Birth of William Kennish, inventor and scientist
1803   "Mona's Herald" began publication
1805   Introduction of vaccination against smallpox
1806   Corrin's Tower (Corrin's Folly) built
1830   Thomas Edward Brown born
1810   Construction began in Douglas on Duke Street and Sand Street (now Strand Street). They were then the western and northern limits of the town
1819   First scheduled service by steamer from Great Britain
1820   Waterloo Theatre opened on the corner of Strand St and Wellington St, Douglas
1821   Riots broke out in Peel as Manx (and English) ports had been closed against importation of foreign corn, meal, or flour
1824   Foundation of National Lifeboat Institution by Sir William Hillary
1825   Economic difficulties for Manx farmers resulted in potato riots in Arbory and Rushen; march on Bishopscourt
1827   A major failure in the herring season
1828   Death of J. Christian Curwen
1829   Birth of Arthur Caley the Manx Giant (7ft 6in)
1830   The St. George is shipwrecked on Conister Rock
1830   Isle of Man Steam Packet Company founded and William Gill appointed Captain of Mona's Isle
1831   Edward Faragher (Ned Beg Hom Ruy) born in Cregneish
1832   Tower of Refuge Erected
1832   First epidemic of Cholera ever known
1837   Epidemic of Typhus, many died
1838   Publication of Archibald Cregeen's Manx-English Dictionary
1839   Epidemic of Smallpox
1840   Assimilation Act - the Manx 14 pennies to the shilling became English 12 to the shilling. Riots, and a company of soldiers was brought from Liverpool
1847   Visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
1848   Consecration of new Royal Chapel of St. John's
1849   Cholera Epidemic
1851   Smallpox Epidemic
1852   Youngest recorded member of the House of Keys, Edward Curphey Farrant at 21
1852   Act of Tynwald preventing Smallpox vaccination
1852   Brig Lily disaster on Kitrerland rock and loss of lifeboat crew
1853   Voyage of the Vixen from Peel to Australia
1854   World's largest waterwheel opened at Laxey, the Lady Isabella
1858   Foundation of the Manx Society, for the publication of important documents
1862   Victoria Hall, Prospect Hill Douglas opens
1862   Douglas breakwater was constructed of wood
1864   Epidemics of Smallpox and Typhoid fever
1864   Archibald Knox born
1865   Epidemics of Smallpox and Typhoid fever
1865   Douglas breakwater was destroyed in a storm
1866   Boards of Health were formed throughout the island
1866   The House of Keys Election Act provided for universal suffrage
1866   The Isle of Man Customs and Harbours Act passed at Westminster, restoring to the Manx Government control of finances and internal administration
1867   First Elections to the House of Keys
1869-1870   Ordnance Survey of the Island completed and published
1869   Iron Pier built in Douglas
1871   Milner's Tower built
1871   Victoria Pier was opened and there was a big influx of visitors. the steam railway was completed between Douglas and Peel
1872   Education Act passed
1872   John Kewish hung at Castletown - last person to be hung
1873   Plantation begins at Archallagan over 371 acres with 2,250 assorted trees
1873   Opening of Douglas-Peel railway line
1876   Foundation of horse tram network in Douglas
1877   Derby Castle entertainment complex opened
1877   The steam railway was completed between Ramsey and St. Johns. An Epidemic of Smallpox
1877   Public Baths opened on Douglas Promenade
1879   Foundation of Isle of Man Natural History and Antiquarian Society
1881   Introduction of Women's Suffrage
1881   Publication of T. E. Brown's Fo'c's'le Yarns
1882   The Phynodderre and Other Legends of the Isle of Man by Edward Callow published
1882   Grand Theatre and Insular Opera House opened
1883   Horse trams began service in Douglas
1884   Constitution of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice of the Isle of Man
1884   Kirk German, Peel, built to replace Cathedral but never consecrated as such
1885   Ballure Glen opened
1886   The steam railway was completed between Foxdale and St. Johns
1887   Publication of Hall Caine's first Manx novel, The Deemster
1888   The White Hoe fever isolation hospital was built near the Nunnery
1889   Palace Ballroom opened
1890   The Surnames and Place-Names of the Isle of Man by A.W.Moore published
1890   Barque Thorne Shipwreck at Onchan Head
1891   The Folk Lore of the Isle of Man by A.W. Moore published
1891   The Douglas Prison was finished on Victoria Road, replacing Castle Rushen
1892   Ramsey Swing Bridge built and installed by Cleveland Bridge & Engineering
1893   Bijou Theatre opened in Regent St, Douglas
1894   Douglas Iron Pier sold, dismantled and re-erected at Rhos-on-Sea
1894   Manx Electric Railway inaugurated between Douglas and Groudle
1895    Excavation of Giant Irish deer near St. John's
1895   Penny Bridge built accross Douglas Harbour
1895   The Great Snow (16ft deep in parts)
1897   Death of Thomas Edward Brown
1899   Gaiety Theatre built
2000   Millennium Oakwood opened
2003   Old Nobles Hospital officially closed
2003   New Nobles Hospital, Strang (Braddan) opened
2007   TT 2007 Centenary
2008   The Jurby prison became operational, officially replacing Douglas prison